The Trump administration, fresh off one anti-Obamacare victory, plans to target another controversial provision of the law: the birth control mandate. The House voted to approve a bill that would replace much of the Affordable Care Act, but the birth control moves come from another action: President Donald Trump’s executive order on religious freedom. An appeal brought by Christian groups demanding full exemption from the requirement to provide insurance covering contraception under the ACA was heard by the U.S. Supreme Court on March 23, 2016. Joshua Roberts / Reuters file Health and Human Services Secretary Tom Price said Thursday he welcomed the executive order. “We will be taking action in short order to follow the President’s instruction to safeguard the deeply held religious beliefs of Americans who provide health insurance to their employees,” Price said in a brief statement. He did not say what that action would be. “Religious liberty is our country’s first freedom. Americans of faith play a vital role in caring for our most vulnerable citizens, including the elderly and the poor,” Price added. But the issue of religious liberty has been at the heart at some of the most high-profile lawsuit against the Affordable Care Act, which includes coverage of all forms of birth control as one of its “essential services.” “This has been the most controversial single issue presented by the ACA, other than the individual mandate. It has spawned about a hundred lawsuits, which tied up the Obama administration for half a decade,” Timothy Jost, an emeritus professor at the Washington and Lee University School of Law, wrote in a blog post. Some furious conservatives have said they do not want to pay for someone else’s birth control, while liberals call it a basic right and health policy experts point out that it is cheaper to pay for birth control than it is to pay for a pregnancy. But the arguments that have had the most traction in federal courts have been those made by religious groups who say it’s against their beliefs to provide birth control to employees. Churches and strictly religious organizations are already exempt from the requirement. Trump’s executive order