Bears Ears National Monument will shrink by 90 percent, and the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument to half its original size, President Trump announced today. The land remaining in these Utah monuments will be divided into multiple smaller sections — an unpopular move that could open once-protected land to fossil fuel extraction and put sacred sites and local species at risk. Native American tribes and conservation groups are preparing to fight back in court. Outside the Utah State Capitol today, President Trump said that he will cut Bears Ears National monument in southeastern Utah — from 1.35 million acres to 228,784 acres, according to a White House statement. The remaining scraps will be sliced into two different sections named Indian Creek and Shash Jaa. Grand Staircase-Escalante will shrink to 1,006,341 acres from 1.9 million acres and will be chopped up into three different units. “I have come to Utah to take a very historic action: to reverse federal overreach and restore the rights of this land to your citizens,” Trump said. We’ve known that these cuts were coming since September, thanks to a leaked memorandum that outlined the Interior Department’s four-month review of 27 national monuments. That memorandum, obtained by the Washington Post, proposed shrinking the borders of Bears Ears and Grand Staircase-Escalante in Utah, Cascade-Siskiyou in Oregon and California, and Gold Butte in Nevada. But the memorandum didn’t say by how much. Now, Trump has revealed the size of the cuts planned for Utah — and conservation groups, hunters, and native tribes in the area aren’t happy. “This represents the largest rollback of protections on public lands and waters in history,” says Dan Hartinger with the conservation group The Wilderness Society. “Over 2 million acres would be opened up to commercial exploitation in places that the public overwhelmingly supports protecting.” “This is a dark day for conservation,” agrees Land Tawney, CEO of the outdoor recreation advocacy group Backcountry Hunters & Anglers. “We’re irate about this because these monuments were designated to protect special places really from development.” His organization is especially